Difference Between Asthma and Pneumonia | Know 5 Best Points

Difference Between Asthma and Pneumonia

The difference between asthma and pneumonia is they are both respiratory condition. They cause issues like breathing disorders. Both are affecting lungs but they need different treatments. Asthma can be chronic disease due to the lung airways narrows down. Pneumonia is hard to find in people having issues like asthma.

Asthma is not directly causes pneumonia but who has issues like chronic respiratory like asthma can be more prone to pneumonia.

Difference Between Asthma and Pneumonia

Let’s discuss about the difference between asthma and pneumonia which might help you to identify early stages of the disease.

What is Asthma?

Generally you can say asthma is a chronic respiratory condition which impacts the lungs and narrow down the bronchiole airways.

There are some symptoms from which you can be able to find out that he/she might be impacted in asthma.

  • If you are having issue with breathing
  • Severe chest pain
  • Yellow and blue Coughing

You can feel severe pain in chest during coughing and wheezing if you have asthma.

If you have asthma them below points can be trigger your asthma very quickly.

  • If you are allergic to dust, mold etc
  • It can be due to air pollution
  • Some time it may  be due to chemical fumes
  • It can be due to exercise, cold, dry  weather and also from smoke

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia infection is caused due to fungi, bacteria, parasites and viruses also. Pneumonia affects both lungs. Normally you can see bacterial pneumonia in adults.

Pneumonia also causes lung inflammation. It also affects the alveoli the end part of bronchiole airways. Due to this fluid accumulate in air sacs which make the breathing very difficult.

Is this the Sign of an Emergency?

If you are facing severe symptom like above mentioned then you need to consult immediately to the hospital.

Generally pneumonia recovers completely after the treatment of illness. But people who are already having asthma they have more risk of contracting pneumonia. People who are taking steroid medicines can also affect the lungs very quickly.


Asthma developed due to many interactions between some genetic & environmental factors. If have any asthma history in your family, respiratory infection in childhood, allergic to dust or mold, during pregnancy smoking can cause asthma.

According to Central Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in U.S. most of the pneumonia cases caused due to viruses and bacteria.  Generally children are more affected by viral pneumonia.

Streptococcus pneumonia is general cause of bacterial pneumonia in adults. Some children and adults can affect other without affecting much to them.

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma and Pneumonia

Some common symptoms of asthma are

  • Short of breathing
  • Wheezing and coughing in case of pneumonia also
  • Chest pain and tightness

If you have pneumonia you may feel fever, chills and tiredness, breathing issue, severe chest pain after few days of pneumonia.

Sometime you may feel loss of appetite and nausea. Asthma can be prevented or controlled after proper medication but in case of pneumonia it can lasts longer duration due severe cough and fatigue.

In asthma generally all the symptoms are faced by patient during night time like breathing issue severe chest pain and coughing.

Diagnosis of the Disease

Doctor first check all your reports back history of family and function of lungs then starts the treatment.

Pneumonia is treated after the physical examination of lungs and the development of the issue. They can take your chest’s x-ray. Blood and sputum tests are done to check and determine the  root cause of infection.

After these tests they can check how well you are able to breathe.

Difference Between Asthma and Pneumonia


There is no full proof cure to asthma; we just have to reduce the occurrence of symptoms with proper medication which is recommended by the guidelines of Asthma” commissioned by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 45.

Generally maximum asthma medicines are inhaled which gives direct relief to the airways.

If you are able to control asthma by medications it decreases the severity of attacks but not be able to avoid the symptoms. Doses of medicine for asthma is completely depend upon the severity of it and regular follow-up also required.

Bacterial pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics but in case of viral pneumonia you have to take antiviral medicines. Sometime many people with severe pneumonia require oxygen therapy by a breathing machine in hospital.


If you have facing issues like asthma or pneumonia then consult your doctor quickly or get in touch with hospital immediately. If you left it untreated then the situation may get worse and patient may get faint.


It’s important for people to know the difference between asthma and pneumonia. Remember asthma does not cause pneumonia but if you left asthma untreated it can be elevated to pneumonia.

During pneumonia the risk is higher as compared to asthma. If you want to avoid asthma or pneumonia then you have take precaution which is the best way.

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